• Vol 16 No 2 (2019)

    Introduction to Special Edition: Innovation, Technology Management and Industry 4.0

    Iara Tammela1

    Innovation has been widely recognized as an important mechanism for competitiveness, especially in dynamic economies, where organizations need to respond rapidly to even more changing demands. Diverse studies have registered the increase in companies’ competitive capacity, financial return, economic prosperity (in business and national environments), generation of value for customer, and increment in productive capacity (among many others) as a result of the launch of innovations in markets. Innovation, in this sense, can be understood as an important competitive differential for large, medium and small enterprises.

    Therefore, innovation lays the foundations for the strategic transformation of business and organisations. Technology management involves the selection, design, implementation and operation of key technology-enabled processes, products, infrastructures and technology-driven knowledge and tools to provide the basis for the creation of competitivity. In this sense, companies will have to develop their capabilities to accumulate innovative technologies faster than their competitors.

    Ever since the beginning of industrialization, technological leaps have led to paradigm shifts in the field of mechanization, of the intensive use of electrical energy, and of the widespread digitalization. The advent of Industry 4.0 implies new paradigms regarding most managerial approaches and challenges motivated by the growing pace of technological innovation and management.

    Although Industry 4.0 can be considered a well-known term, there are others used to present this same type of manufacturing system, such as advanced manufacturing, smart industry or smart factories, smart manufacturing, the industrial Internet of Things (IoT), networking manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing, industrial Internet and so on. This new paradigm is based on digital factories, with the capacity of combining information technologies and machines with smart products

    In this scenario, the development of Industry 4.0 seeks to achieve a high level of operational efficiency, productivity, and automation of production systems, and to accomplish this goal enterprises need to improve their knowledge-based systems, and information integration, innovation and technology management.

    When proposing this special issue, our aim was to invite scholars to engage in this debate and connect with authors and literature internationally developed. This Special issue aims to contribute to the body of knowledge on innovation and technological management and their impact on Industry 4.0 development within the companies in the fast changing 21st century.

    These papers were submitted to double blinded review and after all the revisions, the edition counts fifteen papers in total. The papers accepted to provide interesting insights in terms of trends and opportunities on the three main areas highlighted in our call for papers: Innovation, Technology Management and Industry 4.0. Among the papers approved, there were mostly the use of internationally recognized theories towards Industry 4.0, cases of Industry 4.0 applications, as well as cases of innovation and improvements in companies’ competitiveness after promoting technological management. Moreover, it is interesting the number of articles discussing and presenting the theory and systematic literature review of Industry 4.0, its application, blockchain technology applications and perspectives, and Design Science in Operations Management, focusing on innovation and technologic management applications. The edition contemplates discussion on innovation in Brazilian companies, and some perspectives of the Brazilian Innovation Award Instrument, as well as the Innovation capability maturity in non-R&D performers.

    It is hoped that these fifteen papers add to the emerging debate on innovation, technology management and Industry 4.0 not only in the Brazilian academy, but worldwide. The generous contribution of all reviewers involved in this special effort is acknowledged, and thanks must be given to the Brazilian Journal of Operations and Production Management (BJO&PM) for the opportunity of running an issue dedicated to such relevant topics. 

    Enjoy the reading!

    1Doctor in Production Engineering from COPPE at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ). Professor at the Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF). Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia - Rua Recife s/n, Jardim Bela Vista, Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brasil – CEP 28895-532. E-mail: iaratammela@id.uff.br

  • March, 2019
    Vol 16 No 1 (2019)

    Letter from guest editors

    Dear readers,

    On August 3rd, 2018 the I NIIC – I NECSOS’ International and Interinstitutional Colloquium – was realized at Fluminense Federal University School of Engineering. The main purpose of this event was to increase the dialogue among diverse Institutions in an interdisciplinary way.

    NECSOS is a research group composed over the last 10 years and was certified by DGP/CNPq in 2018. The group is a result of researchers with common interests in interdisciplinary fields. Each researcher is affiliated in a post graduate program in Brazil, as Management Systems Graduate Program at Federal Fluminense University, Production Engineering Graduate Program at Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, among others. The major interests of the group are in the following fields: creative economy, stakeholders, organizations and society, but not limited to them. 

    The high performance of the research development in Brazil requires actions that go beyond the classroom. The I NIIC established a plural and creative space that instigated the interdisciplinary dialogue in a deep reflection on the interdisciplinarity challenges. The main purpose of the Colloquium was to reflect jointly about methodological research paths to support postgraduate studies in the areas of business management, production engineering and systems. 

    The best abstracts presented at I NIIC were invited to develop their research and submit it to the thematic issue of BJO&PM – Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management. As a result, several of the papers included in this special issue of the BJO&PM address topics in the field of circular economy, with great reflections, discussions and case studies. 

    All papers selected for this special issue have undergone a rigorous double-blind review process and several rounds of revisions. We thank ABEPRO for their confidence and hope that the readers of BJO&PM will find interest in these papers and inspiration for future research. 

    Academic regards, 

     

    Prof. Dr. Chrystyane Gerth Silveira Abreu

    CEFET/RJ – Federal Center of Technological Education Celso Suckow da Fonseca

    General Coordinator of I NIIC

    NECSOS' Lead Researcher - Nucleus of Creative Economy, Stakeholders, Organizations and Society

    E-mail: chrystyane.abreu@cefet-rj.br

     

    Prof. Dr. Fernando Oliveira de Araujo

    UFF – Fluminense Federal University

    Local Coordinator of I NIIC

    NECSOS' Lead Researcher - Nucleus of Creative Economy, Stakeholders, Organizations and Society

    E-mail: fernandoaraujo@id.uff.br

  • December, 2018
    Vol 15 No 4 (2018)
  • September, 2018
    Vol 15 No 3 (2018)
    THEMATIC ISSUE: "CREATIVE ECONOMICS"
    Emerging Topics in Production Engineering
    Organized by Clarisse Stephan* (Fluminense Federal University – UFF, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
    _______________________________________________________________________________________
    * Guest Editor on a Thematic Issue in Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management.

     

     “Creative Economics” is a concept originated from the term “Creative industries” which in turn are those based in production and movement of goods and services whose key asset lies in its intangible component [1]. Therefore the “creative industries” can conform distinct economic sectors – whose selection varies according to the specific economic impact on production, job creation, internal tax collection and the export currency of this type of wealth.

    In its relation to Production Engineering, conceived as being dedicated to “the conception, improvement and implementations of systems that encompass people, materials, data, equipment and energy”, in search for improvement of skills and transdisciplinary knowledge, gathered with engineering projects and analyses, “can specify, predict and evaluate the results obtained by those systems”, aiming at its major efficiency.

    Engineering, lato sensu, has always concerned the development of better living conditions. By dealing with the multiple dimensions of the productive systems in different organizations, the Production Engineering develops strategy activities and productive process planning. The integration of those activities is essential to increasing the competitiveness in those organizations (companies, cooperatives, associations, and federations) and hence the country.

    Thus, the interface between Productive Engineering and Creative Economy is demonstrated: the demiurge potential of intellectual property goods makes its presence for being public, by nature, and non-rival; in other words, they are formed as easy dispersion goods, with low or no marginal costs, implying that its management must be based on abundance ethics, and not on scarcity, where there is the need for developing new theories that confirm the existing practices (including commercial practices) and those yet to come.

    These goods result from the new products and services aroused by this productive matrix: inventiveness. The acknowledgement of today´s and late technologies (tacit and explicit knowledge) is crucial for this process.

    The premise is the recognition of the intellectual property as gifted by a value capable of moving the economy of a region. Apart from the production and offer of services related to cultural goods, there are multiple uses of technology disposed nowadays, with a wider access to forums of democratic engagement, especially in terms of what we can call micropolitics. On the other hand, the formulation of the macropolitics depends on the study of that new economy and presupposes the elaboration of questions about the numbers on which Creative Economy´s statistics and perspectives are based on, as the fact that these often do not reveal sectorial particularities. Equally, because of the absence of balance considering the concepts and methodology, the data of Creative Economy are not easily measured and compared between States.

    Notwithstanding, the absence of balance between the embracing segments, some consensus unveils: Creative Economy, and the industries that shapes it, are the result of a blend between creative arts, new technologies, and the potential market brought by globalization.

    Provided by creativity, culture and experiences the creative industries would also contain the so-called cultural industries.

    Consequently, besides the techniques on its measurement, it is important to define what composes the Creative Economy in a certain location, considering its dynamics and specific cultural processes, as well as the value networks raised and gathered. Many resources are being used. The new technologies and its best management must allow the enhancement of its access and use.

    This was the purpose of the gathering of articles that this Edition presents: showing some uses of the new (reworked) technologies that have been done by the State in synergy with various segments of the market. The recognition in terms of how these goods move the Economy is the role of the Academy that must develop research to compose and underpin theories tailored to the elaboration and application of better techniques that may foster them.     

    Therefore, it needs to be done. “No hay caminos, hay que caminar”.

    [1] Promoted by FIRJAN (Rio de Janeiro Industries Federation), published in Brazil, in 2016, the creative industries mapping has categorized the creative industries in four main areas: Consumption, Culture, Media, and Technology. Those areas would gather 13 subareas, where Consumption would include publicity, architecture, design and fashion; in Culture we’d have cultural expression (arts and crafts, and folklore and gastronomy), heritage and arts, music and performing arts; in Media it would be insert the editorial market (including digital content), audiovisual (content development, supply, programming, and broadcasting); Technology would be subdivided in research and development of all areas but biology, biotechnology (research carried out in biology and bioengineering) and information and computing technology. The 13 subareas or “creative segments” are basically the same already listed on the Creative Industries Mapping, published by the same Federation in 2012 and 2014. In 2010, The UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) has also presented a categorization for Creative Economy, stating that it represents an enormous potential for the so-called “viable development”.

     

    Clarisse Stephan, 

    Guest Editor

     

  • June, 2018
    Vol 15 No 2 (2018)
  • March, 2018
    Vol 15 No 1 (2018)
  • December, 2017
    Vol 14 No 4 (2017)
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    Vol 14 No 3 (2017)
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    Vol 14 No 2 (2017)
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    Vol 14 No 1 (2017)
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    Vol 13 No 4 (2016)
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    Vol 13 No 3 (2016)
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    Vol 13 No 2 (2016)
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    Vol 13 No 1 (2016)
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    Vol 12 No 2 (2015)
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    Vol 9 No 2 (2012)
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    Vol 9 No 1 (2012)
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    Vol 8 (2011)
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