THE PRESSURES OF THE BRAZILIAN PRE-SALT PRODUCTION ON THE NATIONAL REFINING SECTOR
AbstractThe objective of this article is to analyze the current production capacity of the Brazilian refining sector and evaluate how much it should be increased in order to process the oil from the pre-salt layer. The purpose is to verify if the domestic demand for oil will be met and, therefore, whether refined products imports will decrease. The variables considered were refining capacity, refined volume, utilization factor of national refineries, production profile and domestic demand for petroleum products. We conclude that oil production will exceed domestic consumption. However, the refined volume is short of demand, even considering the conclusion of Petrobras investments. To achieve self-sufficiency in refined products by 2030, two refineries would be necessary with an installed capacity of 350 thousand barrels of oil per day each.
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