Proposed system for analyzing the location of preschools: a Brazilian case study
Early infant education and care have become priority issues in Brazil. The present article evaluates the spatial distribution of public preschools in the municipality of Curitiba, in Paraná State, Brazil. This problem is an important aspect of school administration and can relieve problems of inequality in public education, such as accessibility and availability of places. The main contribution of this article is the system it proposes for rationalizing decision-making in the education system in question. This system presents four complementary analyses, although they are independent of one another: (i) analysis of the current location of facilities; (ii) analysis of the proposed location; (iii) analysis for expanding the capacity of existing units; and (iv) analysis of the opening of new facilities. The models were generated using VB.NET© modeling language and were solved by the CPLEX© solver. The results showed that, in general, there is a need for immediate planning to increase the number of places available in public infant education in Curitiba, which is also a requirement for compliance with the goals of the National Education Plan (NEP) that is now in force nationwide.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors must have a written permission from any third-party materials used in the article, such as figures and graphics. The permission must explicitly allow authors to use the materials. The permission should be submitted with the article, as a supplementary file.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after BJO&PM publishes it (See The Effect of Open Access).